Kids Health: Heart Problems in Children

-nbsp;

heart ailments in kidsheart ailments in kids
Heart ailments that affect kids

-nbsp;

Seldom do we worry about our kids falling prey to heart problems. They have always been a subject of concern for the aged, but not for happy-go-lucky kids who dance around with joy. Your child, if diagnosed with heart disease, can indeed be a thing of worry. You need to understand your child-rsquo;s condition and what you can expect in the coming months.

-nbsp;

There are two major types of heart problems that affect children. One is congenital, which is by birth and the other is acquired or due to unhealthy lifestyle or infection. Congenital heart disease is when a child is born with an abnormally-structured heart.

-nbsp;

Dr. Zainul Abedin Hamdulay, M.S., M.Ch., D.N.B. (Consultant Cardiothoracic Surgeon) Consultant to Lilavati, Breach Candy, Wockhardt and Prince Aly Khan Hospitals, Mumbai says, -ldquo;Congenital problems occur as the baby-rsquo;s heart develops during pregnancy in the mother-rsquo;s womb. Congenital Heart Defect (CHD) is a defect in the structure of the heart and blood vessels of a new born. It is the most commonly occurring heart defect in children.-rdquo;

-nbsp;

This defect depends on the conditions present at birth that can affect the way the heart functions. One of the most common birth defects, it is also a major cause of lifelong disability and infant death.

-nbsp;

The other is Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) or a condition of damaged heart valves. It is caused by rheumatic fever, which is a result of untreated bacterial infection.

Symptoms

Children show symptoms and signs of congestive cardiac failure such as breathlessness, failure to thrive, poor feeding, excessive sweating and multiple admissions for lung infections.

-nbsp;

Sometimes CHD can be simple and need not require complicated surgeries and medications. Situations wherein there is a small hole between the heart chambers that close on its own may not need any surgery or even at times medication.

-nbsp;

If the disease is complex, such as contraction of the aorta wherein there is a tight narrowing in the aorta (the main blood vessel supplying oxygenated blood) restricting blood flow to the lower part of the body, then it requires immediate surgery. A surgery over a period of time may have to be performed to avoid unfortunate circumstances.

-nbsp;

-ldquo;If at all a child has encountered a health problem, immediately consult a paediatrician. It is best to get kids treated completely for fever and infections so that they do not become victims of RHD,-rdquo; says Dr. Hamdulay.

-nbsp;

It is also important to pay attention to what your child eats. Make sure they consume healthy and hygienic food. Physical hygiene is also important, especially cleaning the teeth properly.

-nbsp;

Abnormal heart sound or heart murmur when listening to the heartbeat can also indicate trouble in toddlers.

Treatment

-ldquo;The treatment and medicines used and how well the baby responds to them depends on the congenital heart condition. Many defects need to be followed carefully. Some will heal over time, while others will need to be treated,-rdquo; Dr. Hamdulay.

-nbsp;

Some congenital heart diseases can be treated with medication alone. Others need to be treated with one or more heart surgeries.

-nbsp;

As congenital heart disease is a birth defect, it cannot be avoided. Thus, care should be taken when your child is in the womb. It is important to:

1. Inform your doctor about your pregnancy before starting any medication.

2. Avoid smoking and alcohol intake.

3. Get vaccinated for flu or fever.

4. Avoid contact with people who have infection.

5. Have your blood sugar checked and maintain it.

6. It is also advised to go for 2D echo to assess the heart condition of the baby in womb.

-nbsp;

Image courtesy: -copy;Thinkstock/ Getty Images

Related Articles -

How to Protect Your Kid-#039;s Health at Home

Health Alert: Obese Kids at Risk of Hypertension

Top 5 Tips to Find the Perfect Paediatrician

Follow us on Twitter for all updates, like us on Facebook for related stuff

--

Did you know that you can get stories like this on the Yahoo mail app?
Download it here.

Yahoo Cricket

Latest News

  • My son doesn't get affected: Malaika on item songs

    Mumbai, April 19 (IANS) Actress-producer Malaika Arora, who has changed the dynamics of item songs in Bollywood, says she enjoys dancing and her son doesn't get affected by her work. If he likes the song, he comes up and says that he liked it. "For me, personally I think songs are part of the film and it's fun to be a part of a song but it also depends on how it's going to be publicised and picturised. The term item number may be looked at in a derogatory way in showbiz, but the "Chaiyya …

  • Sonam begins filming Neerja Bhanot biopic

    Mumbai, April 19 (IANS) Actress Sonam Kapoor has begun shooting for the biopic of Neerja Bhanot, a Pan Am chief purser who was gunned down by terrorists when Flight 73 was hijacked in Karachi in 1986. Sonam feels humbled to be a part of the biopic, which is ace photographer Atul Kasbekar's debut production. Kasbekar wished for good luck for the film and tweeted: "#NeerjaBhanot Her story begins today... Wish us luck." Actors Riteish Deshmukh and Dia Mirza and former Balaji Telefilms CEO Tanuj …

  • Helen is unbelievable on screen: Malaika

    Mumbai, April 19 (IANS) Actress-producer Malaika Arora Khan, also known for her dancing skills, says there is nobody like yesteryear's dancing diva Helen. Asked how she reacts when people compare her to Helen, who is married to the former's father-in-law Salim Khan, Malaika told IANS: "I don't think there is any comparison. She is unbelievable on screen." While Helen remains Malaika's all-time favourite, the latter is also all praise for actress Deepika Padukone. "For me, my favourite is …

  • I'm hungry for roles: Lalu Alex

    Kochi, April 19 (IANS) It's been over three decades since Lalu Alex began to don the grease paint, but the Malayalam actor says he still has "the fire in me and I'm certainly hungry for roles". In his long cinematic career, he has featured in more than 300 films like "Ee Nadu", "Padheyam", "Chronic Bachelor" and "How Old Are You". …

  • Nikita lands special song in 'Paayam Puli'

    Chennai, April 19 (IANS) Kannada actress Nikita Thukral has been roped in for a special folk number in Vishal Krishna Reddy-starrer Tamil actioner "Paayam Puli". …

  • 'XXX' planned with fresh talent: Ken Ghosh

    Mumbai, April 19 (IANS) Filmmaker Ken Ghosh has rubbished rumours that he asked actor Shahid Kapoor to star in his upcoming film "XXX" saying the plan was always to cast "fresh young talent". …

  • Happy birthday, B-town wishes Arshad Warsi

    Mumbai, April 19 (IANS) Arshad Warsi turned 47 on Sunday and Bollywood celebrities like Jackky Bhagnani and Sonu Sood showered the actor with birthday wishes. …

  • Hughes' bat, jerseys head to Mount Everest
    Hughes' bat, jerseys head to Mount Everest

    By Gopal Sharma KATHMANDU (Reuters) - Chhurim Sherpa began her journey for a third ascent to Mount Everest on Sunday but this time some odd items were also part of her climbing gear. Chhurim, who is the first woman to climb the 8,850 metre (29,035 feet) Everest summit twice in a week, will take a cricket bat and two jerseys belonging to deceased Australian cricketer Phil Hughes to the summit as a mark of tribute to the player. …

Loading...